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History of Research & Prevention

    1970s: A Decade of Keeping Up with the Times

    -  The Arc publishes a position paper titled, Undernutrition In The Infant as a Cause of Mental Retardation, written by Robert Guthrie, as part of the Public Health Services Committee, chaired by Robert MacCready;
    -  The Arc passes a resolution at convention to increase the involvement of low income and minority groups in The Arc's activities as a strategy to prevent poverty-related mental retardation;
    -  The Arc receives support from Zeta Tau Alpha to continue its work on poverty and mental retardation.

    -  The Arc lends its name to a media campaign to educate and prevent Hepatitis B.  The Arc distributed materials nationally to all residential facilities to educate staff about prevention of Hepatitis B.

    -  The Arc develops and distributes materials to allied health professionals addressing prevention of meningitis;
    -  The Arc's Board of Directors supports an objective entitled, Agenda for Prevention;
    -  Acting on a recommendation of the Public Health Services Committee, The Arc's Board of Directors urges expansion of screening programs for metabolic and genetic diseases.

    The Arc sponsors a conference on Poverty and Mental Retardation as part of its Office of Economic Opportunity-supported grant.

    The Arc produces and disseminates its first Prevention Handbook to all chapters.

    The Arc adopts a 5-year planning cycle and establishes eleven service goals. Included in the goals were "Increase the quantity and quality of research impacting upon prevention and amelioration" and "Actively encourage efforts to identify cures for disorders and conditions involved in mental retardation through basic research, dissemination of relevant scientific findings and increased professional and public awareness."

    The Arc publishes its Guidelines for State Research Coordinating Committees.

    The Arc awards a research grant to Kenneth Jones, MD, to continue work originally supported by the March of Dimes.  While supported by The Arc funds, Dr. Jones names the disorder Fetal Alcohol Syndrome.


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